Profile Ulrich Pöschl

Prof. Dr. Ulrich Pöschl. Picture: Carsten Costard
Prof. Dr. Ulrich Pöschl. Picture: Carsten Costard

Ulrich Pöschl is director of the Multiphase Chemistry Department at the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry and professor at the Johannes Gutenberg University in Mainz, Germany. He has studied chemistry at the Technical University of Graz, Austria, and he has worked as a postdoctoral fellow, research scientist, group leader, and university lecturer at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Departments of Chemistry and of Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences; at the Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Atmospheric Chemistry and Biogeochemistry Departments; and at the Technical University of Munich, Institute of Hydrochemistry. His current scientific research and teaching are focused on the effects of multiphase processes in the Earth system, climate, life & public health (; Pöschl is actively engaged in the promotion open science, and he is the initiator of interactive open access publishing with public peer review and interactive discussion (multi-stage open peer review) as established with the international scientific journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP, and the European Geosciences Union (EGU,

Professional Career

from 10/2012         
Max Planck Institute for Chemistry
, Mainz, Germany.
Director of the newly founded Multiphase Chemistry Department. Research & teaching: multiphase chemistry in the Earth system, climate and public health, i.e., chemical reactions, mass transport and phase transitions of gases, liquids and solids linking the atmosphere, biosphere and hydrosphere on molecular to global scales. Focal points: biological and organic aerosols, aerosol-cloud interactions, reactive oxygen species, protein nitration and oxidation, allergic reactions. Methods: environmental observations, laboratory experiments, mathematical models.

since 01/2007        
Johannes Gutenberg University
, Mainz, Germany.
Faculty member of the Department of Chemistry, Pharmacy and Geosciences. Habilitation & venia legendi in Geochemistry (17.01.2007).

04/2005 - 09/2012  
Max Planck Institute for Chemistry, Mainz, Germany.
Research group leader in the Biogeochemistry Department (M. O. Andreae). Research & teaching: chemistry, physics and biology of aerosols and clouds; biogeochemical cycling of gases and particles; field measurements, kinetic and thermodynamic experiments and models.

01/1999 - 03/2005  
Technical University of Munich
, Germany.
Research group leader at the Institute of Hydrochemistry (R. Niessner) and
head of an independent junior research group. Habilitation & venia legendi in Chemistry (21.06.2006). Research & teaching: analytical and physical chemistry, environmental science and technology; formation, aging and measurement of aerosols and nanoparticles in ambient air and combustion exhaust.

10/1997 - 12/1998  
Max Planck Institute for Chemistry
, Mainz, Germany.
Research scientist in the group of P. J. Crutzen, Atmospheric Chemistry Department. Research: reaction mechanisms and numerical simulation of atmospheric chemistry and transport; photochemistry of ozone and organic trace gases; polar stratospheric clouds and denitrification.

03/1996 - 09/1997  
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
, Cambridge, MA, USA.
Postdoctoral fellow in the group of M. J. Molina, Atmospheric Chemistry Laboratory & Center for Global Change Science, Department of Chemistry and Department of Earth, Atmospheric and Planetary Sciences. Research: experimental chemical kinetics and mass spectrometry; formation and condensation of sulfuric acid.

09/1993 - 02/1996  
Technical University of Graz
, Austria.
Research assistant in the group of K. Hassler, Institute of Inorganic Chemistry. Research: organometallic chemistry and molecular spectroscopy; synthesis and structure elucidation of cyclic silicon compounds.

Miscellaneous Professional Activities

Lecturer & student advisor at the Technical Universities of Munich and Vienna (1999-2005), Inter­na­tional Max Planck Research School (since 2005), and University of Mainz (since 2007).

Quality assurance manager, Institute of Hydrochemistry, Technical University of Munich (2000-2005).

Referee for international scientific journals and funding organizations (since 1996).

Coordinator of international scientific projects and conferences (since 2000).

Initiator and promoter of interactive open access publishing with a two-stage process of publication, public peer review, and interactive discussion (since 2000).

Founder and chief executive editor of the international scientific journal Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (ACP), (since 2001).

Atmospheric sciences division president (2003-2007), council member (since 2003), and publications committee chair (since 2007) of the European Geosciences Union (EGU),


1993 - 1995   
Doctoral Studies in Chemistry
, Technical University of Graz, Austria.
Doctoral thesis at the Institute of Inorganic Chemistry (K. Hassler) on the subject “Synthesis, spectroscopy, and structure of selectively functionalized cyclosilanes“; doctoral exams (07.11.1995) and graduation with distinction as "Doctor technicae“
(PhD equivalent).

1991 - 1993   
Diploma Studies in French
, Karl Franzens University of Graz, Austria.
Institute of Romance Languages.

1988 - 1993   
Diploma Studies in Technical Chemistry,
Technical University of Graz, Austria.
Diploma thesis at the Institute of Inorganic Chemical Technology (G. Herzog) on
the subject “Thermoelectricity of oxidic semiconductor ceramics“; diploma exams (04.06.1993) and graduation with distinction as ­"Diplom-Ingenieur" (MSc equivalent).

1980 - 1988   
Secondary School, Klagenfurt, Austria. Foreign language focus (English, French, Latin), final exams (23.06.1988) and graduation with distinction.

1976 - 1980   
Elementary School
, Klagenfurt, Austria.

Awards and Honors

Copernicus Medal of the Copernicus Gesellschaft e.V., 2015

Pius XI Gold Medal of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences, 2012            

Union Service Award of the European Geosciences Union, 2005

Young Scientist Award of the German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, 2000

Schrödinger Scholarship of the Austrian Science Foundation, 1996

Research Awards of the Austrian Federal Minister of Arts and Science, the Industrial Union of Carinthia and the Josef Krainer Foundation, 1996

Graduation “Sub Auspiciis Praesidentis” by the Austrian Federal President (highest award in the Austrian educational system), 1996

Student and research scholarships of the Technical University of Graz, the Pro Scientia Foundation, and the Austrian Science Foundation, 1991-1994

Language Skills

German (native), English (fluent), French (conversation level).


Scientific Publications
Over 230 peer-reviewed scientific journal articles that received over 12000 citations with h-index 63 according to ISI Web of Knowledge (>18000 citations with h-index 74 according to Google Scholar) and several hundred contributions to conferences, proceedings, and books. Highly Cited Researcher 2014, 2015, 2016 (Web of Science).
Comprehensive lists of publications & statistical parameters:


Selected Publications

Reinmuth-Selzle, K., C. J. Kampf, K. Lucas, N. Lang-Yona, J. Fröhlich-Nowoisky, M. Shiraiwa, P. S. J. Lakey, S. Lai, F. Liu, A. T. Kunert, K. Ziegler, F. Shen, R. Sagarbanti, B. Weber, I. Bellinghausen, J. Saloga, M. G. Weller, A. Duschl, D. Schuppan and U. Pöschl: Air Pollution and Climate Change Effects on Allergies in the Anthropocene: Abundance, Interaction, and Modification of Allergens and Adjuvants. Environmental Science & Technology 51 (8), 4119-4141, doi: 10.1021/acs.est.6b04908, 2017.

Shiraiwa, M., Y. Li, A. P. Tsimpidi, T. Berkemeier, S. N. Pandis, J. Lelieveld, T. Koop and u. Pöschl: Global distribution of particle phase state in atmospheric secondary organic aerosols: Nature Communication 8, 15002, doi: 10.1038/ncomms15002, 2017.

Cheng, YF., G. Zhen, C. Wie, Q. Mu, B. Zheng, ZB. Wang, M. Gao, Q. Zhang, K. He, G. Carmichael, U. Pöschl and H. Su: Reactive nitrogen chemistry in aerosol water as a source of sulfate during haze events in China, Science Advances 2 (12), e1601530, doi: 10.1126/sciadv.1601530, 2016.

Meusel, H., U. Kuhn, A. Reiffs, C. Mallik, H. Harder, M. Martinez, J. Schuladen, B. Bohn, U. Parchatka, J. N. Crowley, H. Fischer, L. Tomsche, A. Novelli, T. Hoffmann, R. H. H. Janssen, O. Hartogensis, M. Pikridas, M. Vrekoussis, E. Bourtsoukidis, B. Weber, J. Lelieveld, J. Williams, U. Pöschl, YF. Cheng and H. Su: Daytime formation of nitrous acid at a coastal remote site in Cyprus indicating a common ground source of atmospheric HONO and NO, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 16 (22), 14475-14493, 2016.

Pöhlker, M., C. Pöhlker, F. Ditas, T. Klimach, I. Hrabe de Angelis, A. Araújo, J. Brito, S. Carbone, Y. Cheng, X. Chi, R. Ditz, S. S. Gunthe, J. Kesselmeier, T. Könemann, J. V. Lavric, S. T. Martin, E. Mikhailov, D. Moran-Zuloaga, D. Rose, J. Saturno, H. Su, R. Thalman, D. Walter, J. Wang, S. Wolff, H. M. J. Barbosa, P. Artaxo, M. O. Andreae & U. Pöschl: Long-term observations of cloud condensation nuclei in the Amazon rain forest – Part 1: Aerosol size distribution, hygroscopicity, and new model parametrizations for CCN prediction, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics 16, 15709-15740, doi: 10.5194/acp-16-15709-2016, 2016.

Lakey, P. S. J., T. Berkemeier, H. Tong, A. M. Arangio, K. Lucas, U. Pöschl and M. Shiraiwa: Chemical exposure-response relationship between air pollutants and reactive oxygen species in the human respiratory tract, Scientific Reports 6: 32916, 2016.

West, J. J., A. Cohen, F. Dentener, B. Brunekreef, T. Zhu, B. Armstrong, M. L. Bell, M. Brauer, G. Carmichael, D. L. Costa, D. W. Dockery, M. Kleeman, M. Krzyzanowski, N. Kunzli, C. Liousse, S.C.C. Lung, R. V. Martin, U. Pöschl, C. A. Pope, J. M. Roberts, A. G. Russell, C. Wiedinmyer: “What We Breathe Impacts Our Health: Improving Understanding of the Link between Air Pollution and Health”, Environmental Science & Technology 50 (10), 4895-4904, 2016.

Rosenfeld, D; YT. Zheng, E. Hashimshoni,M. L. Pöhlker, A. Jefferson, C. Pöhlker, X. Yu, YN. Zhu, GH. Liu, ZG. Yue, B. Fischman, ZQ. Li, T. Giguzin, T. Goren, P. Artaxo, H. M. J. Barbosa, U. Pöschl and M. O. Andreae: Satellite retrieval of cloud condensation nuclei concentrations by using clouds as CCN chambers, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 114 (21), 5828-5834, 2016.

Liu, F., S. Lai, K. Reinmuth-Selzle, J. F. Scheel, J. Fröhlich-Nowoisky, V. R. Després, T. Hoffmann, U. Pöschl and C. J. Kampf: Metaproteomic analysis of atmospheric aerosol samples, Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 408 (23), 6337-6348, 2016. 

Fröhlich-Nowoisky J., C. J. Kampf, B. Weber, J. A. Huffman, C. Pöhlker, M. O. Andreae, N. Lang-Yona, S. M. Burrows, S. S. Gunthe, W. Elbert, H. Su, P. Hoor, E. Thines, T. Hoffmann, V. R. Després and U. Pöschl: Bioaerosols in the Earth system: Climate, health, and ecosystem interactions, Atmospheric Research 182, 346-376, 2016.

Berkemeier, T., S.S. Steimer, U. K. Krieger, T. Peter, U. Pöschl, M. Ammann, and M. Shiraiwa: Ozone uptake on glassy, semi-solid and liquid organic matter and the role of reactive oxygen intermediates in atmospheric aerosol chemistry, Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics 18 (18), 12662-12674, 2016.

Weber, B., D. Wu, A. Tamm, N. Ruckteschler, E. Rodriguez-Caballero, J. Steinkamp, H. Meusel, W. Elbert, T. Behrendt, M. Sörgel, Y. Cheng, P. J. Crutzen, H. Su and U. Pöschl: Biological soil crusts accelerate the nitrogen cycle through large NO and HONO emissions in drylands, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 112, 15384-15389, 2015.

Kampf, C. J., F. Liu, K. Reinmuth-Selzle, T. Berkemeier, H. Meusel, M. Shiraiwa and U. Pöschl: Protein Cross-Linking and Oligomerization through Dityrosine Formation upon Exposure to Ozone, Environmental Science & Technology 49, 10859–10866, 2015.

Knopf, D. A., U. Pöschl, M. Shiraiwa: Radial Diffusion and Penetration of Gas Molecules and Aerosol Particles through Laminar Flow Reactors, Denuders, and Sampling Tubes, Analytical Chemistry 87, 3746-3754, 2015.

Pöschl, U. and M. Shiraiwa: Multiphase Chemistry at the Atmosphere−Biosphere InterfaceInfluencing Climate and Public Health in the Anthropocene, Chemical Reviews 115, 4440−4475, 2015.

Cheng, Y., Su, H., Koop, T., Mikhailov, E., and Pöschl, U.: Size dependence of phase transitions in aerosol nanoparticles, Nature Communications 6, doi:10.1038/ncomms6923, 2015.

Shiraiwa, M., Berkemeier, T., Schilling-Fahnestock, K. A., Seinfeld, J. H., Pöschl, U.: Molecular corridors and kinetic regimes in the multiphase chemical evolution of secondary organic aerosol, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 14, 8323-8341, 2014.

Huffman, J. A., Prenni, A. J., DeMott, P. J., Pöhlker, C., Mason, R. H., Robinson, N. H., Fröhlich-Nowoisky, J., Tobo, Y., Després, V. R., Garcia, E., Gochis, D. J., Harris, E., Müller-Germann, I., Ruzene, C., Schmer, B., Sinha, B., Day, D. A., Andreae, M. O., Jimenez, J. L., Gallagher, M., Kreidenweis, S. M., Bertram, A. K., Pöschl, U.: High concentrations of biological aerosol particles and ice nuclei during and after rain, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, 6151-6164, 2013.

Pöhlker, C., Wiedemann, K.T., Sinha, B., Shiraiwa, M., Gunthe, S. S., Smith, M., Su, H., Artaxo, P., Chen, Q., Cheng, Y., Elbert, W., Gilles, M.K;., Kilcoyne, A.L.D., Moffet, R.C., Weigand, M., Martin, S.T., Pöschl, U., and Andreae, M.O.: Biogenic potassium salt particles as seeds for secondary organic aerosol in the Amazon, Science, 337, 1075-1078, 2012.

Elbert, W., Weber, B., Burrows, S., Steinkamp, J., Büdel, B., Andreae, M.O., and Pöschl, U.: Contribution of cryptogamic covers to the global cycles of carbon and nitrogen, Nature Geoscience, 5, 459-462, 2012.

Shiraiwa, M., Pfrang, C., Koop, T., and Pöschl, U.: Kinetic multilayer model of gas-particle interactions in aerosols and clouds (KM-GAP): linking condensation, evaporation and chemical reactions of organics, oxidants and water, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, 2777-2794, 2012.

Shiraiwa, M., Selzle, K., and Pöschl, U.: Hazardous components and health effects of atmospheric aerosol particles: reactive oxygen species, soot, polycyclic aromatic compounds, and allergenic proteins, Free Radical Research, 46, 927-939, 2012.

Pöschl, U.: Multi-stage open peer review: scientific evaluation integrating the strengths of traditional peer review with the virtues of transparency and self-regulation, Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience, DOI: 10.3389/fncom.2012.00033, 2012.

Su, H., Cheng, Y., Oswald, R., Behrendt, T., Trebs, I., Meixner, F.X., Andreae, M.O., Cheng, P., Zhang, Y., and Pöschl, U.: Soil nitrite as a source of atmospheric HONO and OH radicals, Science, 333, 1616-1618, 2011.

Shiraiwa, M., Ammann, M., Koop, T., and Pöschl, U: Gas uptake and chemical aging of semi-solid organic aerosol particles, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 108, 11003 - 11008, 2011.

Shiraiwa, M., Sosedova, Y., Rouvière, A., Yang, H, Zhang, Y., Abbatt, J. P. D., Ammann, M., and Pöschl, U.: The role of longlived reactive oxygen intermediates in the reaction of ozone with aerosol particles, Nature Chemistry, 3, 291-295, 2011.

Zhang, Y.Y., Yang, H., and Pöschl, U.: Analysis of nitrated proteins and tryptic peptides by HPLC-chip-MS/MS: site-specific quantification, nitration degree, and reactivity of tyrosine residues, Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 399, 459-471, 2011.

Pöschl, U., Martin, S.T., Sinha, B., Chen, Q., Gunthe, S.S., Huffman, J.A., Borrmann, S., Farmer, D.K., Garland, R.M., Helas, G., Jimenez, J.L., King, S.M., Manzi, A., Mikhailov, E., Pauliquevis, T., Petters, M.D., Prenni, A.J., Roldin, P., Rose, D., Schneider, J., Su, H., Zorn, S.R., Artaxo, P., and Andreae, M.O.: Rainforest aerosols as biogenic nuclei of clouds and precipitation in the Amazon, Science, 429, 1513-1516, 2010.

Virtanen, A., Joutsensaari, J., Koop, T., Kannosto, J., Yli-Pirilä, P., Leskinen, J., Mäkelä, , J.M., Holopainen, J.K., Pöschl, U., Kulmala, M., Worsnop, D.R., and Laaksonen, A.: An amorphous solid state of biogenic secondary organic aerosol particles, Nature, 467, 824-827, 2010.

Mikhailov, E., Vlasenko, S., Martin, S.T., Koop, T., and Pöschl, U.: Amorphous and crystalline aerosol particles interacting with water vapour: conceptual framework and experimental evidence for restructuring, phase transitions and kinetic limitations, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9, 9491-9522, 2009.

Fröhlich-Nowoisky, J., Pickersgill, D.A., Despés, R.V. and Pöschl, U.: High diversity of fungi in air particulate matter, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106, 12814-12819, 2009.

Rose, D., S.S. Gunthe, E. Mikhailov, G.P. Frank, U. Dusek, M.O. Andreae and U. Pöschl, Calibration and measurement uncertainties of a continuous-flow cloud condensation nuclei counter (DMTCCNC): CCN activation of ammonium sulfate and sodium chloride aerosol particles in theory and experiment, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 8, 1153-1179, 2008.

Pöschl, U., Y. Rudich and M. Ammann: Kinetic model framework for aerosol and cloud surface chemistry and gas-particle interactions - Part 1: General equations, parameters, and terminology, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 7, 5989–6023, 2007.

Gruijthuijsen, Y.K., I. Grieshuber, A. Stöcklinger, U. Tischler, T. Fehrenbach, M.G. Weller, L. Vogel, S. Vieths, U. Pöschl and A. Duschl: Nitration enhances the allergenic potential of proteins, International Archives of Allergy and Immunology, 141, 265-275, 2006.

Messerer, A., R. Niessner and U. Pöschl: Comprehensive kinetic characterisation of the oxidation and gasification of model and real diesel soot by nitrogen oxides and oxygen under diesel engine exhaust conditions: measurement, Langmuir-Hinshelwood, and Arrhenius parameters, Carbon, 44, 307-324, 2006.

Sadezky, A., H. Muckenhuber, H. Grothe, R. Niessner and U. Pöschl: Raman microspectroscopy of soot and related carbonaceous materials: spectral analysis and structural information, Carbon, 43, 1731-1742, 2005.

Franze, T., M.G. Weller, R. Niessner and U. Pöschl: Protein nitration by polluted air, Environmental Science and Technology, 39, 1673- 1678, 2005.

Pöschl, U.: Atmospheric aerosols: composition, transformation, climate and health effects, Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 44, 7520-7540, 2005.